A better coupling of the occupant to the car seat in the early phase of a frontal or far side impacts using pretensioner systems may reduce the likelihood of the submarining effect or increases the likelihood of seat belt engaging the shoulder, respectively. However, the high belt forces may also increase the risk of upper body injuries to the vehicle occupant (especially in louis Vuitton Nz Online abdominal region). It was hypothesized that human body characteristics, such as body mass index (BMI) influence the biomechanical response and injury outcome to the abdominal regions during static pretensioning deployment tests.METHODS: Four postmortem human specimens (PMHS), in a BMI range from 15.6 to 31.2, were positioned in production seats in a normal passenger position and were restrained using a standard three-point belt system.
The refractive error of one eye was measured at baseline and again under two different accommodation control conditions: extended optical fogging (+2.00DS for 20 minutes) and cycloplegia (1% cyclopentolate). Autorefraction and retinoscopy were both used to measure the most plus spherical power for each condition.RESULTS: A significant interaction was demonstrated between measurement technique and accommodation control method (p = 0.036), with significant differences in spherical power evident between accommodation control methods for each of the measurement techniques (p < 0.005). For retinoscopy, refractive errors were significantly more positive for cycloplegia compared with optical fogging, which were in turn significantly more positive than baseline; louis Vuitton Bags Nz whereas for autorefraction, there were significant differences between cycloplegia and extended optical fogging and between cycloplegia and baseline Louis Vuitton Nz only.CONCLUSIONS: Determination of refractive error under cycloplegia elicits more louis Vuitton Auckland plus than louis Vuitton Bags using extended optical fogging as a method to relax accommodation.
This article describes the evaluation of a teaching pack designed for nursing students to acquire the knowledge required for safe administration of blood transfusions. The Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) Committee is a confidential reporting body, which gathers data from the United Kingdom and reports the serious sequelae of blood transfusion. The SHOT reports have repeatedly identified that errors in blood transfusions are wholly avoidable.
AIMS: This study evaluates the suitability of gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis to follow-up the extent of benzodiazepine (mis)use in a Belgian prison population and compares it to other analytical strategies (e.g. Screening followed by confirmation of the positive samples).DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: From February to August 1998, 598 persons were jailed of which 188 (31.4% of the incoming detainees) volunteered to be screened. Urine samples (530 in total) were collected on the day of arrival and after 14, 30 and 90 days of imprisonment.MEASUREMENTS: All samples were screened by EMIT(R) for benzodiazepines and analysed subsequently by GC-MS.FINDINGS: EMIT(R) screening yielded 117 (22.1%) positive samples, a number which increased to 174 (32.8%) after GC-MS analysis.